Alexander The Great In India
Alexander, a name that we all have heard at least a few times in our life. A name of a stranger that has dissapeared thousands of years ago, yet is still brought up in conversations all over the world. Alexander, or Alexander the great as he used to be preached during his era is a noble man of royal blood and a heroic story that is untill today, decades and decades later still thaught at schools in the entier globe.
Alexander III Of Macedon, born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia in July 356 BC, was the elder son of Philip II of Macedon and his wife Olympias. The myth says that he was blood related to the legandary Achilles through his mother, Olympias. In 336 BC, immediately after Philp, his father, was assacinated, Alexander was inherited the kingdom. Thus, he became Alexander, the great king of Macedon. Despite his young age, Alexander accomplished and achieved a lot, “Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without suffering a single defeat. His greatest victory was at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC. The young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, overlord of Asia Minor and pharaoh of Egypt became ‘great king’ of Persia at the age of 25,” according to BBC History.
Alexander The Great: Battle againts the Indians
Alexander expanded his Macedonian empire from Greece to Babylon, and to follow up with all of his conquests, Alexander decided to further expand his empire. Hence, he took his army to India. During 327 B.C, ‘The king of the kings’ marched his way to the “land of gold,” states Herietta Elizabeth Marshall.
When Alexander begun his Indian invasion, he targeted an area know as the Punjab, “The land of the five rivers.” The punjab was ruled by a king known as Porus, and under him were rebel princes that allied with Alexander and helped him enter their land, mentions Marshall. Nevertheless Alexander’s reputation of always winning his battles and conquering new kingdoms, Porus did not hesitate to gather an appropriate army and bravely marche againts the Greek invador, adds Marshall.
The conditions of the battle were tough. In her article, Alexander The Great Invades India, Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall describes the hardness of the confrontation between the Greeks and the Indians. It occured on dark stormy night states Marshall, she says, “Alexander and his men passed over, wading part of the way breast high. A great battle was fought. For the first time the Greeks met elephants in war. The huge beasts were very terrible to look upon. Their awful trumpetings made the Greek horses shiver and tremble. But Alexander’s soldiers were far better drilled and far stronger than the Indians. His horsemen charged the elephants in flank, and they, stung to madness by the Greek darts, turned to flee, trampling many of the soldiers of Porus to death in their fright. The Indian war-chariots stuck fast in the mud. Porus himself was wounded. At length he yielded to the conqueror.”
BATTLE: GREEKS VS INDIANS (ALEXANDER THE GREAT: THE MOVIE)
Alexander The Great: Accomplishments in India
Even though Porus lost the battle against the Greeks, the Great Alexander, noble as he is, still treated him respectfully, exactly the way a wise worrior and king should treat one another, states Frank W. Walkbank .
As Alexander The Great and his army were parading through India, also known as “the land of gold,” they once again fought battles, build 12 altars to the 12 olympian gods, and founded cities says Walkbank. One of the cities was named after Alexander’s horse Bucephalus that he had a very special relationship with, and the other city was named Alexandreia after the “King of the Kings,” states Marshall in the same article.
Untill today, very little is known about how far Alexander has journeyed through India, however, the legand says that he reached the city of Lahore and marched on to the banks of the river Sutlej and beyond, declares Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall,” He was eager to reach the holy river Ganges and conquer the people there. But his men had grown weary of the hardships of the way, weary of fighting under the burning suns or torrent rains of India, and they begged him to go no further. So, greatly against his will, Alexander turned back,” she adds.
When Alexander The Great invaded India, very little was known about it during that era. Yet, king Alexander had only marched through the north of India. Marshall states that he had not really conquered the people; very soon after he passed, the people revolted against the rule of Macedonia. His 12 altars vanished, as well as the cities that he founded. Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall declares, “But for long ages the deeds of the great ‘Secunder,’ as they called him, lived in the memory of the Indians.”